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Page 13 of 30 illustrating the pipes heard on Bagpipes of the World

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TULUM
Turkey

cylindrical bore double chanter, single-blade reeds


Sound Sample in .MP3 format

sound samples copyright 1999 by Oliver Seeler & Sean Folsom

General Comments:

Together with the Tunisian Zukra (pipe no. 26) and the Croatian Surle and Diple (pipes nos. 19 & 27), the Tulum represents what may be the most ancient piping tradition around the Mediterannean.

Musical Notes:


The scales and key signatures given may be regarded as approximations; bagpipes may deviate from conventional standards in absolute and relative pitch.


The Turkish Tulum (pronounced too-loom') being played by Sean Folsom.
Most goatskin-bag pipes have the chanter emerging from the neck; not so here, where it is plugged off.

The plug is fitted with a mirror; one other pipe in this collection, the French Chevrette (no. 8) incorporates a mirror. The significance of this beyond decoration is to ward off the "evil eye."
The stout carved wooden chanter frame, called (generically) a "yoke," with its inset pair of cane chanters.

This is one of the few pipes that can be constructed entirely with a pen-knife - no lathe is needed.
The back end of the bag is tied off and then the bag is turned inside out.

For a view of this sort of knot, see bagpipe no. 3.
The two reeds are set into the pipes with wax. As with some other bagpipes of this general construction, access to the reeds can only be had by untying the chanter from the bag. This has almost certainly aided the evolution of certain flowery Turkish curses.


Photographs & Text Copyright 1999 - 2002, Oliver Seeler,

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